The Portugal D7 Visa allows foreign citizens who wish to reside in Portugal (either as retirees or living out of their income), regardless of age, the entrance in Portugal to obtain a residence permit.
Applicants wishing to obtain this type of residence permit must prove to have sufficient income to provide them with means of livelihood. This income can come from pensions, real estate rentals, investments, among others. The application process starts at the Portuguese diplomatic mission with jurisdiction over the current residential address of the applicants. Specific Portuguese Diplomatic Missions may opt to schedule appointments through a third-party visa application provider.
The application process can be somewhat longer if one considers the amount of preparation to gather all the required documentation. Despite the information mentioned below, different Portuguese diplomatic missions may request additional documents. As such, applicants must reach out to the General Consulates and ask for a detailed list of the documentation requested by the diplomatic mission.
Before you consider the application for the D7 visa, you must be aware that you must comply with the minimum stay requirements imposed by this type of residence permit: one cannot be absent from Portuguese territory for six consecutive months per year or eight non-consecutive months.
Given said stringent requirements, D7 visa applicants will end up triggering tax residency in Portugal. Therefore, they will be liable to tax reporting obligations and personal income tax in the country. Notwithstanding this, D7 visa holders may benefit from the NHR scheme.
Before applying for a D7 visa, applicants will need to:
- Obtain a Portuguese Taxpayer Identification Number and appoint a Portuguese Tax Representative
- This requirement will depend on the Consulate’s demands; in some countries, the opening of an account only takes place once the applicant comes to Portugal.
- Open a banking account in Portugal.
- This requirement will depend on the Consulate’s demands; in some countries, the account opening only takes place once the applicant comes to Portugal.
- Secure long-term accommodation in Portugal (by either buying, renting, or borrowing a property).
- Please note that the accommodation’s address will determine the specific immigration service branch responsible for issuing your residence permit. If you are looking to relocate to Madeira Island, be sure to secure accommodation on the island so that the island’s branch authorities take care of your process. Otherwise, you will have to fly to the Portuguese mainland to hold the appointment for the residence permit.
- Apply online for a residence visa and for an interview at the Portuguese Consulate serving the current region of legal residence, even if the applicant’s nationality entitles entering Portugal without a visa.
- This may imply using a third-party provider that some embassies contract. Please check this matter with the Portuguese diplomatic mission that has jurisdiction over your residential area.
D7 Visa Application at the Portuguese Consulate
All consulate appointments will require, at least, the following documentation:
- Passport, valid for at least six months after the expiry date of the Portugal passive income visa being applied for (which will be valid for four months).
- Two recent passport-size colour photos.
- Declaration outlining reasons for obtaining Portuguese residency.
- Health insurance policy.
- Criminal record certificate (or police clearance letter, depending on your jurisdiction’s practices).
- Evidence of having accommodation in Portugal (property title deed, rental agreement or property loan agreement).
- Proof of sufficient finances available to the applicant in Portugal (e.g. a Portuguese bank statement showing a reasonable balance).
- Documentary evidence of having a reasonable net regular passive income under the law.
Residence Permit Application In Portugal
Once the visa is obtained as outlined above, you may enter Portugal and apply for the corresponding D7 residence permit with immigration services.
The said visa allows for a maximum of two entries and a stay in the country of up to four months. In Portugal, applicants will need to submit at least the following documents to apply for the residence permit:
- Passport having the special visa issued by the Portuguese Consulate
- The documentary evidence of having sufficient financial means and permanent accommodation in Portugal, as submitted to the Portuguese Consulate
- Health insurance policy in case you bought it in Portugal
If additional documents are required, your lawyer will let you know, and they will probably assist you in obtaining them.
This article is provided for general information purposes only and is not intended to be, nor should it be construed as, legal or professional advice of any kind.
Miguel Pinto-Correia holds a Master Degree in International Economics and European Studies from ISEG – Lisbon School of Economics & Management and a Bachelor Degree in Economics from Nova School of Business and Economics. He is a permanent member of the Order of the Economists (Ordem dos Economistas)… Read more