The Portuguese Law system is part of the civil law legal systems, based on Roman Law. Since the 20th century there has been a major influence from German civil law, a shift from the French influence of the previous century. Since 1986 European Union Law became the major driving force on corporate law, administrative law and civil procedure.
Portuguese Law has influenced the legal systems of Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, Timor-Leste, the State of Goa (India) and the Special Administrative Region of Macau (China).
Portugal is the only country in Top 5 Most Powerful Passport Index (Visa-Free Score of 155 countries) to have a Golden Residence Permit Regime, that after a given period allows residents to acquire Portuguese nationality.
According to the Cato Institute’s Human Freedom Index, Portugal ranked among the Top 20 Countries, surpassing France, Spain and Greece pertaining economic and personal freedoms.
As for religious, bioethical, family and gender freedoms, Portugal ranks in the world Top 3 in the World Index of Moral Freedom, surpassing all the G20 countries in these fields.
Portugal is among ILGA-Europe’s Rainbow Index Top 4 European countries in respect to full equality, surpassing Scandinavian countries, Spain, France, Greece and Germany.